If your child has problems involving the nervous system, a child neurologist has the special training and experience to treat your child. Examples of such problems are seizures, delayed speech, weakness, or headaches.
Child neurologists often diagnose, treat, and manage the following conditions:
- Seizure disorders, including seizures in newborns, febrile convulsions, and epilepsy.
- Medical aspects of head injuries and brain tumors.
- Weakness, including cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and nerve muscle disorders.
- Headaches, including migraines.
- Behavioral disorders, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), school failure, autism, and sleep problems.
- Developmental disorders, including delayed speech, motor milestones, and coordination issues.
- Intellectual disability (formerly called mental retardation).
From Birth to Young Adulthood
Child neurologists combine the special expertise in diagnosing and treating disorders of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, muscles, nerves) with an understanding of medical disorders in childhood and the special needs of the child and his or her family and environment.
In many cases, child neurologists work as a team with pediatricians or other primary care doctors. In addition, child neurologists may work with other pediatric specialists to care for children who have more complex or serious medical issues, such as epilepsy, birth defects, or mental retardation. These are chronic conditions that require ongoing care and close follow-up throughout childhood and adolescence.
If your pediatrician suggests that your child see a child neurologist, you can be assured that your child will receive the best possible care. Common referral problems:
- cerebral palsy
- concussion and head injuries
- congenital defects of the brain and spinal cord
- developmental delay
- epilepsy and seizures
- headaches and migraines
- multiple sclerosis
- neurogenetic disorders
- neuromuscular disorders
- TIC and Tourette Syndrome
- tubular sclerosis